What is Bladder Cancer? Know about the symptoms, stages and treatment of bladder cancer here!

 Bladder Cancer: What is Bladder Cancer? Know about the symptoms, stages and treatment of bladder cancer here!







Cancer has long been one of the leading causes of death. Bladder cancer is the ninth most common cancer worldwide, affecting approximately 430,000 people each year. In the year 2020, 18,921 new cases of bladder cancer were registered in Pakistan. Although the statistics of cancer patients or those who die from this disease may be frightening, but it is true that if the information about cancer is found in its early stage, then this deadly disease can be avoided.

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According to the report published in the National Center for Biotechnology Information, the number of cancer patients in India in the year 2010 was 979,786 while in 2020 the number of cancer patients has increased to 1,148,757. The number of cancer patients is increasing, but according to research reports, cancer patients are also cured if treatment is started on time. So notice all the good and bad changes happening in the body. If you feel any problem, don’t ignore it. Therefore , to know about any disease, it is important to understand its symptoms and causes. Therefore, in this article today, we will know the symptoms of bladder cancer, bladder cancer and the answers to many questions related to it, so that it can help in starting treatment as soon as possible.

  1. What is bladder cancer?
  2. How many types of bladder cancer are there?
  3. What are the symptoms of bladder cancer?
  4. What are the causes of bladder cancer?
  5. What are the risk factors of bladder cancer?
  6. How is bladder cancer diagnosed?
  7. What are the stages of bladder cancer?
  8. How is bladder cancer treated?
  9. How is it possible to prevent bladder cancer?

Let us now know the answer to these questions related to bladder cancer.

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What is Bladder Cancer?






The bladder is located in the lower part of the abdomen in the human body. In the bladder itself, the urine coming out of the kidney is collected and from here the urine comes out of the body. Sometimes, due to some reasons, diseases related to the bladder start, one of which is cancer. Bladder cancer first attacks the bladder tissue where urine is stored. According to a report published in the National Institutes of Health, about 45,000 men and 17,000 women are diagnosed with bladder cancer every year. There are different types of bladder cancer problems.

Note: Men are more prone to bladder cancer than women, but it can make any person a victim.

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How many types of bladder cancer are there? (Types of Bladder Cancer)

There are three different types of bladder cancer. As:

  1. Transitional cell carcinoma – It occurs in the inner part of the transitional cell of the bladder. It stretches the shape of the cell and tissue without damaging it.
  2. Squamous cell carcinoma – Squamous cell carcinoma is included in the list of rare cancers . This is a cancer that starts due to a long-standing bladder infection or a problem related to the bladder.
  3. Adenocarcinoma – Adenocarcinoma is also included in the list of rare cancers. This is a cancer that occurs in the glandular cells of the bladder. Adenocarcinoma is also a cancer that starts due to irritation and inflammation in the bladder over a long period of time.

These are different types of bladder cancer which are both common and rare. Let us now try to understand about the symptoms of bladder cancer, so that its treatment can be started in time.

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What are the symptoms of bladder cancer? (Symptoms of Bladder Cancer)

In most people suffering from the problem of bladder, blood comes in the urine along with urine during urination. However, not only this, there are other symptoms of bladder cancer, which we will understand further. As:

  • Feeling tired.
  • Weight loss in the body.
  • Bone tenderness.
  • Urine leaking.
  • Pain in the abdominal area.
  • Pain in lower back.

These symptoms should not be ignored, because if these problems are ignored, then instead of decreasing, the problems can increase and can also be difficult to treat.

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What are the causes of bladder cancer? (Cause of Bladder Cancer)

According to reports published in the National Center for Biotechnology Information, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and American Cancer Society, the main causes of bladder cancer are known so far. Not found, but genetic mutations can cause bladder cancer. However, scientists do not consider genetic mutations to be the main cause of bladder cancer. It is also believed that certain industry chemicals and tobacco can increase the chances of bladder cancer. Therefore, if you are feeling the symptoms of bladder cancer or feel any problem related to urine, then consult a doctor.

What are the risk factors of bladder cancer? (Risk factor for Bladder Cancer)

According to research reports, the following factors can increase the chances of bladder cancer. As:

  • Exposure to cancer-causing chemicals.
  • Having problems with chronic bladder infections.
  • Low fluid consumption.
  • Being above 55 years of age.
  • Including high-fat diet in the diet.
  • Having a history of bladder cancer in the family.
  • Chemotherapy drug called Cytoxan has been given during the first time of treatment.

The conditions mentioned above here can be due to bladder cancer. So keep these things in mind and contact your doctor if you feel any problem.

How is bladder cancer diagnosed? 

(Diagnosis of Bladder Cancer)

For the diagnosis of bladder cancer, the doctor first understands the symptoms of the disease and their health condition from the patient and then recommends the following tests. As:

  • Urinalysis.
  • Monitor to understand the lump in the Vagina or Rectum.
  • Cystoscopy means the bladder is viewed with the help of a camera.
  • Biopsy is done by taking tissue from the urinary bladder.
  • A CT scan of the bladder is done.
  • Bladder and kidney are examined with the help of Intravenous pyelogram. This is a type of X-ray.

These different tests give information about the severity of bladder cancer. Now we all know that cancer is a disease occurring in different stages, so bladder cancer also has different stages. On the basis of the test report, the doctor gives information about the stage of bladder cancer and then starts the treatment accordingly.

What are the stages of bladder cancer? (Stages of Bladder Cancer)

There are 0 to 4 stages of bladder cancer. As:

  • Stage 0 Bladder cancer – In this stage, the cancer cells have not spread beyond the line of the bladder.
  • Stage 1 Bladder cancer – In this stage, the cancerous cells have grown beyond the line of the bladder, but have not reached the bladder muscle layer.
  • Stage 2 Bladder Cancer – In this stage, the bladder cancer spreads to the bladder muscles.
  • Stage 3 Bladder cancer – Cancerous cells start making the area around the bladder their prey.
  • Stage 4 Bladder Cancer – This is the last stage of bladder cancer when cancer cells spread to other organs along with the bladder.

Keeping these stages in mind, the treatment is started.

How is bladder cancer treated? 

(Treatment of Bladder Cancer)

Bladder cancer is treated keeping in mind the cancer stage. As:

Stage 0 to 1 Bladder cancer – If the bladder cancer is in stage 0 to 1, then in such a situation the tumor is removed with the help of surgery. After this chemotherapy or immunotherapy and medicines are given .

Stage 2 and Stage 3 Bladder cancer – Stage 2 and Stage 3 bladder cancer is treated by tumor removal. In this stage, the help of surgery is taken to remove the cancerous tumor. With the help of surgery, the bladder is removed and a new urinary tract is created to drain the urine. Due to the large size of the tumor, chemotherapy, radiation therapy or immunotherapy may be given before surgery. By doing this the tumor is made smaller.

Stage 4 Bladder cancer- In this stage also chemotherapy can be given before surgery and then lymph node is removed. At the same time, due to the excessive spread of cancer cells, chemotherapy, radiation therapy or immunotherapy are tried to reduce it.

Bladder cancer treatment or any cancer treatment, its treatment takes time and the immune power of the patient can also weaken. Therefore, oncologists monitor the patient’s health very closely during this time. At the same time, medicines are also given to reduce the side effects caused by different therapies.

How is it possible to prevent bladder cancer? (Tips to prevent from Bladder cancer)

Although the main reasons for this are not known, but keeping the following things in mind can help in staying away from this cancer. As:

  • Don’t do smoking.
  • Avoid secondhand cigarette smoke as well.
  • Stay away from carcinogenic chemicals.
  • Drink plenty of water (Plenty of water).
  • Consume colorful fruits and vegetables daily.
  • Do not consume alcohol.
  • Do regular yoga or exercise. If you are not able to do yoga
  •  or exercise, then walk.
  • Eat nutritious food.
  • If cancer treatment is going on, then take medicines on time.
  • Even after treatment, follow the advice given by the doctor and contact the doctor if necessary.

Doing this can help to avoid bladder cancer. By the way, along with this, make your lifestyle healthy too.

Most of the patients or their care takers get upset on hearing the name of cancer. Whereas according to doctors and different research reports, if information about any serious disease is found in the early stage, then it is easy to defeat that disease. Therefore, pay attention to all kinds of changes in the body, good and bad, and consult a doctor if you feel any problem.

If you want to know the answer of any kind of question related to bladder cancer, then you can ask in the comment box on Humanhealthline Facebook page. The health experts at HumanHealthline will do our best to answer your questions as quickly as possible. However, if you are suffering from the problem of bladder cancer, then follow the advice given by the doctor in such a situation. Doing this can help in curing the disease as soon as possible and you can also boost the morale of other cancer patients by becoming a cancer survivor.



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