Lewy Body Dementia: Its Symptoms, causes, diagnostic, And Treatment

Body Dementia: What is Lewy Body Dementia?




What is Lewy body dementia?

Lewy body dementia is also known as dementia with Lewy bodies. It is the second most common type of progressive dementia after Alzheimer’s disease dementia. In Lewy body dementia, mental efficiency gradually decreases. People suffering from Layby body dementia start experiencing confusion in front of their eyes. There is a change in alertness and attention of the people suffering from this disease. Other effects include experiencing symptoms of Parkinson’s disease such as muscle twitches, slow movement and tremors.

How common is Lewy body dementia?

Lewy body dementia is a common problem. This disease is more common than degenerative dementia LBD Alzheimer’s disease (AD). If you are concerned about Lewy body dementia, be sure to consult your doctor for more information.

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Symptom

What are the symptoms of Lewy body dementia? (Symptoms of Lewy body dementia)

The following are common symptoms of Lewy body dementia:

  • Confusion before the eyes: The first symptom of Lewy body dementia may be confusion before the eyes. Often this condition recurs. In this you can see figures, animals or people who are not there. There may be delusions such as hearing someone’s voice, smell or touch.
  • Movement problems: Parkinson’s disease can cause symptoms such as slow movement, muscle tightness , tremors, or inability to move properly. These symptoms are seen in Parkinson’s disease, which are also seen in Lewy body dementia.
  • Automatic Nervous System: Nervous system regulates blood pressure , pulse, sweating and digestive system. Often these functions are affected by Lewy body dementia. This can cause dizziness, falls and bowel problems like constipation.
  • Learning problems: Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease include confusion, inability to concentrate, and memory loss. You can also see the same symptoms in Lewy body dementia. This can cause problems for you in learning.
  • Problems with sleep: You may have problems with rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. This allows you to physically repeat the things of your dreams while you sleep.
  • Instability in attention: It is possible to be lost in drowsiness, to look up at the sky for long periods of time, to take long naps during the day, or to use disorganized language. These symptoms are seen in Lewy body dementia.
  • You may experience depression at times during this illness .
  • You may run out of inspiration.

In addition to the above symptoms, Lewy body dementia may have other symptoms that are not listed above. If you are concerned about its symptoms, consult your doctor.

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When should I see the doctor?

If you experience the above symptoms or have any questions in your mind, consult a doctor. Each person’s body responds differently to each disease. It would be advisable that you consult a doctor for a better understanding of the situation.

reason

What causes Lewy body dementia? (Cause of Lewy body dementia)

Lewy body dementia is caused by the accumulation of proteins within the brain cells. This abnormal accumulation of protein is called a Lewy body. This accumulation of proteins is also found in Parkinson’s disease. It collects in the part of the brain that is responsible for thinking, muscle movement and visualizing visuals. However, it is not yet clear how the protein deposition in brain cells develops and how it damages the brain. However, it is believed that this protein interferes with the function of sending signals between brain cells to brain cells. Is. Lewy body dementia is usually found in people who already have a medical history in their family. However, there are quite rare cases of hereditary Lewy body dementia.

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risk

What factors increase the risk of Lewy body dementia? (Risk factor of Lewy body dementia)

The following factors increase the risk of Lewy body dementia:

  • to be male
  • Medical history of Lewy body dementia or Parkinson’s disease in the family

Some studies have linked depression to Lewy body dementia.

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the treatment

Do not take the information provided here as medical advice. Always consult your doctor for more details.

How is Lewy body dementia diagnosed? (Diagnosis of Lewy body dementia)

Lewy body dementia cannot be diagnosed with just one test.

Lewy body dementia is diagnosed in the following ways:

  • An assessment of symptoms – eg whether there are signs of dementia with Lewy body. It is calculated.
  • An Assessment of Mental Ability – In this test, questions are asked with several tasks being given.
  • Brain scans such as MRI, CT scan or a single photon-emission computed tomography (SPECT) dopamine transporter scan are done. These tests can detect symptoms of dementia or identify other problems in the brain.

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How is Lewy body dementia treated? (Lewy body dementia treatment)

At present, there is no cure or treatment for Lewy body dementia that can slow its progression.

But there are treatments available that can control some of the symptoms for a few years. These treatments are as follows:

  • Medicines used to reduce hallucinations, confusion, lethargy, movement problems, and sleep disturbances.
  • Psychotherapy such as occupational therapy and speech and language therapy, which can improve movement, daily functioning, and conversation.
  • Psychological therapies such as promoting cognition (tasks and exercises that improve memory , problem-solving skills, and language ability)
  • Dementia activities such as Memory Cafe (drop-in sessions for people with memory problems and providing support and advice for their future)

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home remedies

What are the lifestyle changes that can help me cure Lewy body dementia?

You can fight Lewy body dementia by adopting the following lifestyle and home remedies:

  • Asking friends or family members for help when needed. People with Lewy body dementia should consider in-home health care. Take health service at home in simple language.
  • Exercising regularly and taking a healthy diet.
  • Learn as much as you can about the disease. Ask questions to the doctor, social worker, and other members of the care team.
  • Join support group.
  • If you care for someone with Lewy body dementia, watch them closely. Make sure he doesn’t fall, lose consciousness, or react negatively to medicines. Reassure him when confusion or confusion arises.

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Tips or tricks for a caregiver

  • Speak clearly and simply. When talking to a person with Lewy body dementia, speak eye-to-eye and speak slowly. Use simple sentences. Give a clear answer. Give only one instruction or idea at a time. Use gestures and gestures such as pointing at an object.
  • Encourage exercise: Exercise improves physical, behavioral function and symptoms of depression. Some studies suggest that exercise slows down cognitive decline in dementia.
  • Provide mental stimulation: Participation in sports, crossword puzzles , and other types of games that involve thinking skills can reduce cognitive decline in people with Lewy body dementia.
  • Set up good things at night. Behavior problems tend to get worse at night. Do not turn off the lights at night to prevent disorientation.

You should contact your doctor in this regard. Because only after seeing your health condition, the doctor can tell you the treatment.

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