Diuretics Drugs: How are these medicines beneficial in Congenital Heart Disease!

Diuretics Drugs: How are these medicines beneficial in Congenital Heart Disease!










Congenital heart disease is a problem with the structure of the heart. These defects or diseases may be present at birth. Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defect. These defects can occur in the walls of the heart, the valves, and the arteries and veins near the heart. These defects can obstruct the normal flow of blood through the heart. Because of this, blood flow can be reduced, blood can go in the wrong direction or wrong place, or it can be completely blocked. Some complex defects can even be life threatening. Today we are going to talk about Diuretics Drugs in Congenital Heart Disease. But, before that let us know in detail about Congenital Heart Disease.

Information about Congenital Heart Disease

Before Diuretics Drugs in Congenital Heart Disease, let’s know about congenital heart disease. As you know, Congenital Heart Disease occurs in the baby during birth. To diagnose this, the doctor may recommend a physical examination and special heart tests . Doctors can diagnose these defects at the time of a woman’s pregnancy or even after the baby is born . Its symptoms in a newborn are as follows.

  • Rapid Breathing
  • Cyanosis means blue color of the skin, lips or fingernails
  • Fatigue
  • Poor Blood Circulation

Many Congenital Heart Diseases do not show any symptoms. Not only this, in many cases they are not diagnosed until the child is older. Most children suffering from these diseases do not even need treatment. But for many children, treatment is necessary. Its treatment includes medicines, surgery and heart transplant. The treatment depends on the age and health of the child. Now know about Diuretics Drugs in Congenital Heart Disease.

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What are diuretic drugs used for congenital heart disease? (Diuretics Drugs in Congenital Heart Disease)

According to the American Heart Association, a person affected by heart problems may require multiple medicines . Each of these medicines treats different symptoms. If you have any heart problems, your doctor can advise you about the right medicine for you. One of these is diuretic drugs. Diuretics drugs are also known as water pills. Because, these medicines work to remove excess fluid from the body. So that we can breathe well. If you have been prescribed diuretics, take it in the morning. Because by taking them at night, you may have to go to the bathroom again and again at night. Know what are the diuretic drugs in Congenital Heart Disease?

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Bumetanide

This diuretic drug is available in the market in both oral and injection forms . This medicine is prescribed to people who have Congenital Heart Disease. Along with this, this medicine can also be used in problems related to liver and kidney. If you are using any other medicines, be sure to tell your doctor before taking this diuretic. Because, taking it with some other medicines can be harmful. Not only this, there can be many side effects of this medicine like allergic reaction, breathing problem, weakness, seizures etc. Therefore, never take diuretic drugs in Congenital Heart Disease without the advice of a doctor.

Chlorothiazide

Chlorothiazide is one of the diuretic drugs in Congenital Heart Disease. It is also available in the market in both oral and injection forms. This water pill is used in the treatment of fluid retention in the condition of congenital heart failure. Apart from this, this medicine can also be used to relieve liver and kidney problems or inflammation caused by taking steroids and estrogen . However, chlorothiazide can also be used in the treatment of high blood pressure. But, taking this medicine on its own is not recommended. Because, it can also have many side effects like severe skin reaction , hives, fainting, problem in urination etc.

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Furosemide

Furosemide is a loop diuretic, which prevents the body from absorbing excess salt and helps the salt to pass out of the body through urine. Along with this, it can also be used for the treatment of fluid retention in people suffering from congenital heart problems. However, in other situations also the doctor may recommend taking them. If a person has urinary problems, do not use them. These medicines should be taken only on the advice of the doctor and in the prescribed dosage . Because it can have many side effects like allergic reaction, skin reaction etc.

Hydrochlorothiazide

The next drug in the Diuretics Drugs in Congenital Heart Disease is Hydrochlorothiazide. Which is a thiazide diuretic. Like other water pills, this medicine also prevents the body from absorbing excess salt , which can lead to fluid retention. It is used for the treatment of fluid retention in congenital heart disease. However, it can be used in other situations as well. Like high blood pressure, kidney and liver disorders etc. Its side effects include fever, sore throat, breathing problems, yellowing of the skin, etc. So, to avoid these side effects, do not take this medicine without consulting the doctor.

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Spironolactone

Spironolactone is a potassium-sparing diuretic. Which prevents the body from absorbing excess salt. Due to which the level of potassium in the body remains low. This water pill is used for the treatment of heart failure, high blood pressure and hypokalemia . This medicine is also used for the treatment of fluid retention, liver and kidney disorders in people with congenital heart defects. Consumption of these can also cause many side effects such as hives, problem in breathing, problem in urination, fainting, chest pain, weakness etc.

In this case, take diuretic drugs in Congenital Heart Disease only if the doctor has advised to take them. This article is for information only. We are not promoting any medicine , nor do we recommend taking any medicine on our own volition. This was complete information about Diuretics Drugs in Congenital Heart Disease. Certain side effects may also occur from taking these medicines. Know about their side effects.

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Side Effects of Diuretics

Taking diuretics can lead to a deficiency of potassium in the body. In such a situation, the doctor may advise the patient to take potassium supplements. However, not all patients who take these water pills get the extra potassium they need. If your doctor tells you to change your dose of water pills, you may need to have lab tests to monitor kidney function. Its common side effects are as follows:

  • Increased urination
  • Dizziness
  • Dehydration
  • Changes in kidney function
  • Skin rash or hives
  • Itching
  • Increased blood sugar levels
  • Gout

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If you are taking diuretic drugs for congenital heart disease and you experience any side effects after using them. So stop taking them immediately and consult a doctor. You must have come to know about Diuretics Drugs in Congenital Heart Disease. If a woman or a man has congenital heart disease, then there is an increased risk of having this problem in their children as well . In such a situation, it is necessary to take precautions from the beginning and consult a doctor. Along with this, if you want to manage Congenital Heart Disease or other heart problems. So adopt healthy habits like eating nutritious diet, exercising, avoiding stress, staying away from alcohol and smoking and getting enough sleep etc. By adopting these habits, you. It will help you to stay healthy . It is important to seek medical help immediately if you see any symptoms related to heart problems.