Know about Stage 4 lymphoma
Stage 4 lymphoma occurs when cancer has spread outside the body’s lymphatic system, such as the spinal cord, lungs, and liver. Lymphoma is a cancer that spreads to types of white blood cells called lymphocytes. Like many cancers, lymphoma has four stages. Stage 4 lymphoma can be treated. The prognosis for an individual depends on many factors. Which depends on the type of lymphoma and the age of the person. This article is going to provide important information related to Stage 4 lymphoma.
Types of Stage 4 Lymphoma
There are two major types of lymphoma. Hodgkin lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma. If someone is diagnosed with lymphoma, then doctors try to find out through the test which stage of the disease is going on.
The hallmark of Hodgkin lymphoma is the presence of Reed-Stern berg cells, which are mature B-type immune cells that have become cancerous. An estimated 95 percent of Hodgkin lymphomas are classic Hodgkin lymphoma, of which there are four sub types:
- Nodular sclerosis
- Mixed cellularity
- Lymphocyte – depleted
- Treatment is given on the basis of its subtype.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, unlike Hodgkin lymphoma, can result from type B or T immune cells. It can also build up in lymph nodes and other organs such as the stomach, intestines, and skin. For example, doctors may classify non-Hodgkin lymphoma as T cell or B cell. It is affected according to the type of lymphocyte. Alternatively, they can also classify lymphoma as aggressive. Depends on how fast it grows and spreads.
Stage 4 lymphoma symptoms
Stage 4 lymphoma, whether Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin, has similar symptoms. Symptoms are based on the type of lymphoma and which organ is affecting it. Symptoms include the following.
- night sweats
- persistent fever
- stomach ache
- abdominal bloating
constipation, if your spleen, intestine, or other parts of your stomach are affected
chest pain, shortness of breath, or cough if you have a tumor that puts pressure on your trachea or vena cava.
The treatment of stage 4 lymphoma depends on the type of lymphoma and the person’s medical history and which organ the cancer has affected the most.
Treatment of stage 4 Hodgkin lymphoma usually involves several cycles of chemotherapy drugs.
Chemotherapy combination drugs may include:
which is often resorted to and includes the drugs Doxorubicin, Bleomycin, Vinblastine and Dacarbazine.
BEACOPP, which includes the drugs bleomycin, etoposide, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone.
Doctors recommend it for people with specific characteristics. It is effective but is a less common option because of the risks of secondary leukemia and infertility.
Stanford V, which includes the drugs and Prednisone. Doctors don’t usually use it. A doctor may recommend radiation therapy for some people. They may also suggest other methods of treatment, including stem cell transplantation or alternative medicines or drug combinations .
A standard chemotherapy combination that doctors often use to treat non-Hodgkin lymphoma is known as CHOP. This routine incorporates the meds Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine and Prednisone.
For aggressive types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, doctors may add an immunotherapy drug called rituximab to the CHOP regimen . This combination enhances the effectiveness of the treatment and could potentially cure non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
An oncologist may also recommend other drugs that attack cancer cells in different ways or alternative treatments, such as radiation or stem cell transplantation .
Continuous improvement in the treatment options available means that doctors may sometimes be able to treat stage 4 lymphoma, depending on the type and the individual’s risk factors. If no cure is possible, treatment aims to manage the person’s symptoms and maintain their quality of life.
Survival rate of stage 4 lymphoma
Survival rates give people a better understanding of how likely treatment is to be successful for their cancer type and cancer stage. Survival rates are estimates that vary depending on the stage of the cancer. It is important to note that everyone is different, and many people may live longer than these estimates.
Generally, the 5-year endurance rate for stage 4 Hodgkin lymphoma is 65%.
- be over 45 years of age
- to be male
Along with medicines, a person can join a support group. Where he meets other people suffering from cancer. They can share their feelings with them. Also, yoga or meditation group can also be joined to avoid stress, but on the advice of the doctor.
Hope you have got the important information related to Stage 4 lymphoma.