Symptoms of colon cancer in women can be similar to the symptoms of menstruation, do not be careless
Colon cancer is often grouped with rectal cancer. These two types of cancer can be called colorectal cancer. The main difference between colon and rectal cancer is that cancer polyps first form in the colon or rectum. Although colon cancer affects both men and women, but in this article we are giving information about colon cancer in women. Experts believe that deaths from this cancer can be prevented through screening and early diagnosis.
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Colon cancer in women
Colon cancer begins by developing on the inner wall of the colon. These growths are called polyps. Polyps are usually noncancerous, but when a cancerous polyps form, they grow rapidly inside the lining of the rectum or colon. Cancer cells can enter the bloodstream and lymph system. Symptoms of colon cancer in women in the early stage are not noticeable. When they begin to appear, the symptoms of colon cancer in women are similar to those of men.
- blood in the stool or rectal bleeding
- Feeling of bowl not being completely empty
- weight loss without any reason
- Fatigue, weakness and low energy level
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Colon cancer symptoms in women vs menstrual symptoms
Symptoms of colon cancer in women can sometimes be similar to the symptoms of menstruation. For example, unusually tired or low energy are common symptoms of PMS. These are also symptoms of anemia. Which appear due to a lot of blood loss during menstruation. Similarly, symptoms of colon cancer in women can confuse abdominal cramps with cramps during menstruation.
Talk to your doctor if you regularly experience fatigue or abdominal pain that is not related to your period, or if you are experiencing these symptoms for the first time – even if they are not related to your period. Even then consult a doctor.
You should also talk to your doctor if these symptoms differ from what you would normally experience during your period.
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Colon cancer risk factors in women
The risk of colon cancer in women is similar to that of men. which are as follows.
History of Polyps
If you have a medical history of polyps, you face a higher risk of later developing cancerous polyps. Having colon cancer also puts you at a higher risk of developing new cancerous polyps.
Family history of colon cancer or polyps
Women with a history of colon cancer or polyps from a parent, sibling, or other close relative are more likely to develop colon cancer.
If you have had radiation therapy to treat cancer in the abdominal area, including cervical cancer , you may be at higher risk of colon or rectal cancer.
Being sedentary or obese, smoking and drinking excessively can all increase the risk of colon cancer in women.
The risk of getting cancer increases with age, but let us tell you that young people can also get colon cancer. After menopause, the risk of all types of cancer increases in women. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) (used to manage symptoms of menopause) increases the risk of certain cancers, it is associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer.
However more research is still needed. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of HRT with your doctor before starting therapy.
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How is colon cancer diagnosed?
Fecal immunochemical testing is done to treat colon cancer . This is a type of blood test. This test is done every 2 years in people who are at risk of colon cancer. Apart from this, colonoscopy is also recommended every 10 years. In which a long, flexible tube passes through the anus into the colon. At the tip of this tube is a small camera that sends images to the doctor, which they view on a computer.
If any polyps are detected in the test, then it can be removed through special instruments in the colonoscope process. The polyps are then analyzed in a laboratory to determine whether any cancer cells are present. This part of the procedure is known as a biopsy. The following tests may also be used to diagnose colon cancer.
- A gene test may be done to help identify the exact type of cancer, as it can help guide treatment decisions.
- A computed tomography (CT) scan of tissue near the colon can help the doctor see if the cancer has spread.
- Ultrasounds, which utilize sound waves, can make PC pictures of tissue in the body.
- How is colon cancer in women treated? (Treatments for colon cancer)
- Colon cancer in women can be treated in several ways. which is as follows.
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In its early stages, colon cancer can only be treated by removing the cancerous polyps. As the disease progresses, tissue or parts of the colon may need to be removed.
During chemotherapy, powerful drugs, often given through an IV, kill cancer cells. This therapy is often recommended if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes. At times chemotherapy is begun before a medical procedure to assist with contracting the cancer or growths. Designated treatments or immunotherapies may likewise be suggested and might be utilized alone or in blend with chemotherapy.
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During radiation therapy, powerful energy beams such as X-rays are aimed at shrinking or destroying cancerous tumors. Radiation therapy is sometimes used in combination with chemotherapy, and may be recommended before surgery.
Colon cancer survival rates are similar in women and men. The main factor that affects survival rates is how far the cancer has spread. Your age and overall health are also important factors. In general, localized colon cancer – meaning the cancer has not spread beyond the colon or rectum, has a 90 percent survival rate of up to 5 years.