Bacterial pneumonia is a lung infection caused by certain bacteria. The most common bacteria causing bacterial pneumonia is Streptococcus (pneumococcus). But other bacteria can cause bacterial pneumonia. what causes bacterial pneumonia
If you are young and healthy, these bacteria can survive in your throat without causing any harm. If your immune system is weak due to some reason, then these bacteria can reach your lungs.
When this happens, the air sacs in your lungs become infected and they become inflamed. They fill with fluid and cause pneumonia.
How common is bacterial pneumonia?
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Bacterial pneumonia is a common health problem. It can affect a person of any age group. If your immune system is weak, you can get bacterial pneumonia.
What are the symptoms of bacterial pneumonia?
Symptoms may vary from case to case, depending on the severity of bacterial pneumonia. Some people have mild symptoms of bacterial pneumonia, while others have life-threatening complications.
According to the American Lung Association, the following are the symptoms of bacterial pneumonia:
- Chest pain
- shortness of breath or shortness of breath
- coughing up yellow or green mucus
- getting cold
- loss of appetite
- Sharp and persistent chest pain, especially when coughing or taking a deep breath
- sweating profusely
- rapid breathing and heartbeat
- bluish discoloration of lips and fingernails
- Confusion, especially if you are older
what causes bacterial pneumonia
The symptoms of bacterial pneumonia are similar in children and adults. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, babies and newborns cry more in bacterial pneumonia. The energy level in their body drops and the skin turns pale.
If a person shows symptoms of bacterial pneumonia, he should seek immediate medical attention. It is difficult to diagnose any type of pneumonia without seeing a doctor. Because the treatment of bacterial and viral pneumonia is different.
In such a situation, it is very important to find out its exact cause, so that proper treatment can be done for the victim.
When should I see the doctor?
As soon as the above symptoms are seen, you should immediately contact the doctor. Do not adopt any kind of treatment or home remedy without the advice of the doctor.
Immediate medical attention should be sought in case of blood in the mucus, difficulty in breathing, fever above 102 degrees, and blue skin. All these symptoms are signs of an emergency.
What causes bacterial pneumonia?
The following are the causes of bacterial pneumonia:
Bacterial pneumonia is caused by bacteria that reach your lungs and then form multiple. This problem can occur on its own or develop after an illness such as a cold or flu.
The following people are most at risk of bacterial pneumonia:
- people with weakened immune systems
- people with respiratory disease
- people recovering from surgery
Doctors classify bacterial pneumonia based on whether it occurs inside or outside the hospital.
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP): This is the most common type of bacterial pneumonia. This happens when you come into contact with substances that spread bacteria outside the hospital.
The droplets enter the respiratory tract when you cough or sneeze or come into contact with the droplets through skin-to-skin contact.
Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP): This pneumonia occurs when exposed to bacteria within a hospital for two or more days. This is called nosocomial infection.
This type of pneumonia is often resistant to antibiotics and difficult to treat.
What factors can put me at risk for bacterial pneumonia?
The following factors increase the risk of bacterial pneumonia:
- If you are 65 years of age or older
- If you have asthma, diabetes, or heart disease
- If you are recovering from surgery.
- If you do not eat a proper diet or do not take enough vitamins and minerals
- If you have any other problems that weaken your immune system
- if you smoke
- If you consume excessive amounts of alcohol
- If you have viral pneumonia
Do not take the information provided here as medical advice. Always consult your doctor for more details.
How is bacterial pneumonia diagnosed?
Bacterial pneumonia can be detected in the following ways:
- Abnormal chest sounds indicate excessive mucus secretion.
- It is tested through a blood sample. If you have a high white blood cell count, that usually indicates an infection.
- Blood culture test, which shows whether bacteria has reached your bloodstream and also tells the cause of the infection.
- A sputum test or sputum culture test can detect bacteria and the cause of the infection.
- The doctor may do an X-ray to check for the presence of infection.
How is bacterial pneumonia treated?
Most cases of bacterial pneumonia are treated with medications at home. This prevents problems in the hospital. With home treatment, a healthy person can recover within a week. At the same time, a person with a weak immune system may take longer to recover from it.
In some cases, the patient needs to be hospitalized. Young children and the elderly need intravenous antibiotics in the hospital. Along with this, they are given medical care and respiratory therapy here.
Special antibiotics are given in the hospital depending on the type of pneumonia you have. It is given intravenously. Along with this, you are also offered fluid, so that dehydration can be prevented.
What are the lifestyle changes that can help me cure Bacterial Pneumonia?
The following home remedies will help you provide relief from bacterial pneumonia:
Get vaccinated. Vaccines are available to prevent some types of pneumonia. You can take help from a doctor to get these vaccines. However, the guidelines for these vaccinations change over time.
Get children vaccinated. For children over the age of two, the doctor may recommend a different type of vaccine. At the same time, children between the ages of two and five years who are at risk of pneumococcal disease are given a separate vaccine.
Take care of hygiene: To prevent respiratory infection, you should take care of cleanliness. Clean your hands regularly with sanitizer.
Do not smoke: Smoking destroys your natural immunity to lung infections.
Keep your Immune System Strong: Get enough sleep, exercise regularly, and follow a healthy diet.
You should contact your doctor in this regard. Because only after seeing your health condition, the doctor can tell you the treatment.