What is cancer? Know every information related to cancer, from beginning to end!

1. What is cancer? Know every information related to cancer, from beginning to end!


The disease of cancer is such a disease, the very name of which creates fear in the minds of people. In excess of 20 million individuals on the planet are in the grasp of this genuine infection.Every year 90 lakh people are added to this list. Simultaneously, 40 lakh individuals lose their lives consistently because of this. Talking about Pakistan,out of every one lakh people in Pakistan 70 to 80 people are suffering from this disease.It can occur in any piece of the body.

Typically this happens when strange cells in the body outgrow control.Trillions of cells in a healthy body grow and divide daily. These are very important for our body to function properly.

2. What is cancer disease?
Cancer is becoming a more spreading disease in today’s time.The most worrying thing is that nowadays it is being seen more among the youth.
Healthy cells have a life cycle in which new cells are made and old ones are destroyed. In this process new cells replace old or damaged cells as they have been destroyed. Cancer hinders this process. Changes in DN lead to unusual development of cells, which keeps the body from working typically.Some cancer diseases grow very slowly in the body, while some grow very fast. Most cancers are known by the name of the part of the body in which they occur. For example, cancer that occurs in the breast is called breast cancer.

Non-cancerous tumors, benign tumors, or non-malignant tumors do not spread to other parts of the body or form other tumors. Whereas cancerous tumors or malignant tumors obstruct the body’s function by taking out healthy cells. Along with this, remove nutrients from the body tissues. Cancer continues to grow and spread through the process of metastasis, allowing malignant cells to form new tumors in other parts of the body through lymphatic and blood vessels.
3. Types of cancer Carcinoma: Carcinoma is the most common cancer. It is produced in the skin, lungs, breast, pancreas and other organs and glands. Sarcoma: Sarcoma begins in muscle or bone tissue.It can occur in any piece of the body. The part of the body from which it starts complains of swelling and minor pain. Gradually, the organs around him start getting affected. Most sarcoma cancers develop in the muscles, joints and abdomen.
4. Melanoma: Melanoma is a type of skin cancer which is very dangerous. It starts as a mole. Over time, it reaches the nerves, liver, brain, bones, lungs inside the skin.These cells are found in many parts of the body. In this cancer, lymphocyte cells start growing in an uncontrolled way.Apart from this, the size of blood cells also starts changing. These cases are seen more in increasing age. In this cancer disease, the immunity of the body becomes very weak, due to which even a minor virus can prove fatal.Know its causes, symptoms and treatment.

# Cancer in men
Prostate cancer is a serious problem.According to a study published in the American Cancer Society, prostate cancer is a common cancer in men. Its risk increases with age in men. This cancer is usually detected in people around the age of 65. Also, if a person has a history of prostate cancer in his family, then his chances of getting prostate cancer increase. Prostate cancer occurs in the prostate gland of men, which is the size of a walnut. This gland works to make sperm.

6. Cancer in men: Prevention of lung cancer is essential As everybody knows, smoking has turned into a typical direction for living in the present period. This is such an addiction, which takes a person in its grip and then it becomes difficult to get rid of it. Due to these habits, the problem of lung cancer can be seen in men. Lung cancer: If the cells in the lung suddenly start dividing, then due to this a tumour is formed. Due to which the person starts having problem in breathing. This problem can be dealt with if the person is treated at the right time.

The same happens with lung cancer. Therefore, it becomes even more important to pay attention to its symptoms in time. Symptoms of lung cancer include loss of appetite, swollen lymph nodes, changes in a person’s voice, hoarseness of voice, problems with bronchitis or pneumonia in the chest, problems with coughing, problems in breathing, Feeling of headache without any reason, sudden weight loss, wheezing during breathing etc. can be seen. Read more: What is lung cancer, know what are the reasons for this dangerous disease.

According to the American Cancer Society, 1 in 22 men and 1 in 24 women get colorectal cancer. These cancers can be caused by a number of reasons, including obesity, lack of physical activity, high consumption of red meat or processed meat, high consumption of alcohol, smoking, old age or family history of colorectal cancer etc. If colorectal cancer is diagnosed on time, it can be prevented from spreading. By which its treatment may be possible.abdominal bloating, vomiting, fatigue, weight loss, a lump in the abdomen, anemia, etc.

Cancer in men: It is important to diagnose bladder cancer on time. Bladder cancer is seen more in men than in women.It starts in the bladder and gradually spreads to other organs. If it is detected at an early stage, it can be easily treated. But most bladder cancers are diagnosed in the late stages, when it is very difficult to treat.


According to the data of the Pakistan population demonstrates, the highest number of cases of bladder cancer are found in North and East Pakistan. It has been revealed from The National Cancer Registry Program of pakistan that 4.5 out of 1 lakh men in northern Pakistan suffer from bladder cancer. Whereas in women, this figure increases further to 10.1 in 1 lakh.

7. What is biliary cancer? Know its causes, symptoms and remedies
Symptoms of bladder cancer include Pain above the stomach area, Jaundice, Fever, Nausea and vomiting, Bloating, Abdominal lumps Symptoms like dark urine, weight loss, etc. have been observed.

8. Types of cancer in women’s

Breast cancer is a group of malignant tumor cells that rapidly grow into surrounding tissue and can spread to other areas of the body. This disease occurs almost entirely in women, but some cases have also been reported in which men also suffer from this disease. Breast cancer is very common in women. In a lifetime, the disease affects one out of every eight women.

9. Vulvar cancer in women
When cancer occurs in the vagina, it is called vaginal cancer.It is a tube-like structure below the uterus which is on the outer side of the body. When cancer occurs in the vulva it is called vulvar cancer.Vulvar cancer occurs on the inner edge of the labia. Vaginal and vulvar cancers are very rare. Although all women are at risk of these cancers, only some get this cancer. There is no way to know for sure whether you will have vaginal cancer. However, some factors can increase the chances of this happening.

10. Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer disease affects the lower part of the cervix ie the lining of the cervix. Cervical cancer does not develop suddenly, but develops gradually. When cervical cancer has developed inside women, they often go undetected because the symptoms of this cancer are not known. The cells of the lower part of the lining of the cervix continuously increase their number which becomes the cause of cancer.

Viruses are believed to be the main cause of cervical cancer disease. HPV virus (Human papilloma virus) causes infection, which later becomes a disease of cervical cancer. The problem of infection is caused by the HPV virus. Infection can be caused by sexual intercourse. Sometimes skin touch also becomes the reason for the spread of the virus. In the disease of cervical cancer, symptoms like abnormal menstruation or feeling of pain during sex, excessive bleeding during periods, etc. can be seen.

11. What are the symptoms of cancer disease? (Symptoms of Cancer)

The symptoms of cancer disease do not necessarily appear the same in everyone. It also depends on which part of the body is affected by it.

12. Some common symptoms of cancer disease:
1. Fatigue
2. Persistent cough or trouble breathing
3. Lump
4. Weight changes
5. Difficulty swallowing
6. Hoarseness
7. Thickening under skin
8. Skin changes, for example, yellowing, obscuring or redness.
9. sores that won’t heal
10. Changes in bowel or bladder habits
11. discomfort after eating
12. Muscle or joint pain
13 Persistent
14.night sweats

13. When to see the doctor?

If you notice any of the above-mentioned symptoms or any changes in your body that are causing your concern, make an appointment with your doctor immediately. Sometimes the symptoms of diseases are different from person to person. For this situation, it is ideal to look for clinical guidance.

Read more: Meningitis: What is meningitis? Know its causes, symptoms and remedies

14. What are the causes of cancer disease?

It is not usually possible to know why cancer develops in one person and not in another. But some research suggests risk factors that can increase a person’s chances of developing cancer. Risk factors include exposure to chemicals or other substances as well as certain habits. These also include things that people cannot control, such as age and family history. Some cancers can be a sign of cancer syndrome due to family history.

The list below includes the most commonly suspected risk factors for cancer. Some of these risk factors are such that can be avoided. There, nothing can be avoided like age. One’s age can never be stopped.

15. Age
Cancer can take decades to develop. That’s why most people with cancer are 65 and older.
Alcohol: Consumption of alcohol can cause cancer of the food pipe, respiratory tract, liver or palate.
Family history: If cancer is common in your family, there may be mutation transfer from one generation to another, which increases the risk of cancer. Mutations found from family history can be detected by genetic testing. One thing to keep in mind is that inherited genetic.
Cancer-Causing Substances: Exposure to certain chemicals and dangerous substances can increase the risk of cancer. These include carcinogens such as asbestos, nickel, cadmium, radon, vinyl chloride, benzidine.

16. Chronic Inflammation
Environment:The environment around you can contain harmful chemicals that can help increase the risk of cancer.

Diet
Hormones
Health condition: Certain chronic health conditions, such as ulcerative colitis, can increase the risk of developing cancer.

17. Immunosuppression

Infectious Agents: Infectious agents like viruses, bacteria and parasites increase the risk of cancer.
Smoking: Smoking can cause cancer of the mouth, lung, stomach, throat and bladder.
Obesity problem
Radiation
Sunlight
Tobacco: Consumption of tobacco, eating pan masala and gutka can cause cancer of the mouth, esophagus, stomach, tongue, throat, pancreas and kidney.

18. How to find out about cancer disease?
To diagnose cancer disease, the doctor may recommend any of the following tests:

Physical exam: The doctor may feel a number of lumps in your body which may indicate a tumor. During the physical exam, he may look for abnormalities such as change in skin tone or enlargement of any organ etc. This can be a sign of having cancer.

Laboratory tests:Laboratory tests such as urine or blood tests may be done. In this, the doctor will be able to detect those defects which can be the cause of cancer. For example, blood count is known by conducting a common blood test. People with leukemia report having abnormal white blood cell counts.

Imaging Test: Imaging test examines your internal organs and bones. Imaging tests include CT scan test, bone scan, MRI, PET scan, process of ultrasound and X-ray.

Biopsy: For testing in biopsy, the doctor takes a tissue sample from the body for detailed examination. There are also several ways to collect samples. Which biopsy method is right for you depends on which cancer you have.
19. What is a drug overdose?
Read more: Drug overdose:
How can cancer be avoided? (Cancer Prevention)

However, there is no sure way to prevent cancer. But researchers have suggested several ways to reduce the risk of this dangerous disease, such as:

Don’t smoke:If you smoke a cigarette, stop it. Smoking is not only linked to lung cancer but also to many other cancers. You can reduce the risk of this disease by not smoking.

Eat a healthy diet: Include more vegetables and fruits in your diet.

20. How can cancer be avoided? (Cancer Prevention)

However, there is no sure way to prevent cancer. But researchers have suggested several ways to reduce the risk of this dangerous disease, such as:

Exercise daily: Its risk can also be reduced by exercising daily. Do exercises for a half an hours every days.


21. Avoid excessive exposure to the sun: (Avoid excessive exposure)
 
The harmful ultraviolet rays coming from the sun increase the risk of skin cancer. So avoid going in the sun as much as possible. Also, while going out, wear such clothes that cover the whole body and apply sunscreen.
22. Maintain your weight:Being overweight or corpulent likewise builds your possibilities. Therefore, maintain your weight by following a healthy diet and exercising daily.
23.  Do not consume alcohol:We all know that drinking alcohol is injurious to our health. According to many research, its consumption increases the risk of oral, oesophageal, liver, colorectal and breast cancer.
 24. Screening Test:Keep conducting screening tests from time to time. This will give information related to the abnormal cells growing in the body. This will help the doctor determine your medication.
25. How is cancer treated? 
(Cancer treatment)
 After the cancer is detected, doctors find out its stage. After determining the stage, treatment is given accordingly. There are usually four stages of cancer. If it is detected in the first stage, it can be easily treated and got rid of.
 26. The following treatment options are used to treat cancer:
Surgery: Surgery is done so that cancer is removed from the body as much as possible.
Chemotherapy: Cancer cells are destroyed through chemotherapy. Along with this, drugs to eliminate cancer are given.
Radiation therapy: In radiation therapy, high power energy beams are used to destroy cancer cells.
Bone marrow transplant: This is also called stem cell transplant.Bone marrow is the substance inside your bones that makes platelets. In this, ailing or harmed bone marrow is fixed with sound stem.
Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy is also called biological therapy. In this, the fight against cancer is fought through the immune system.
Hormone therapy: Some types of cancer are caused by your body’s hormones.Targeted drug therapy
 Cancer and its treatment can have many complications, including:
 Pain: You may have pain due to cancer or cancer treatment. However, not all cancers are painful. You can get relief from the pain caused by cancer with medicines.
 Difficulty breathing: You may feel short of breath during cancer or cancer treatment. You can get relief from this with treatment.
 Fatigue: There are many reasons for the problem of fatigue in cancer patients but it can be managed. Fatigue is common with chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
 Compound changes in the body: Cancer can upset the ordinary synthetic equilibrium in your body and increment the danger.Symptoms of a chemical imbalance may include excessive thirst, frequent urination, constipation and confusion.
 Weight reduction: Cancer takes food from ordinary cells and denies them of supplements.Many people lose weight rapidly during cancer treatment due to heavy dosages and therapy.
 Nausea: Some cancers and cancer treatments cause a state of nausea. Your doctor can predict whether you are likely to experience nausea during treatment. In such a situation, he can help you stop it through medicine.
 Diarrhea or constipation: Due to the treatment of cancer and cancer, you may complain of diarrhea or constipation.
 Brain and nervous system problems: Cancer can put pressure on nearby nerves and cause pain or interfere with function in one part of your body. Cancers that involve the brain can cause symptoms such as headache, body weakness and stroke problems.
 Cancer that returns: There is also a possibility of cancer coming back after it has been cured. Talk to your doctor about how you can reduce your risk of cancer coming back. Get scans and tests done from time to time to track the return of cancer.
 Hair loss: Chemotherapy is very popular for the treatment of cancer. In chemo, cancerous cells are destroyed. During this process, the roots of the hair become weak, due to which hairfall occurs. Hair loss is also a side effect of many drugs given in the treatment of cancer.
These tips will help in reducing the problems in the treatment of cancer disease:
 27. Exercise and Cancer
 People with cancer can control fatigue, muscle tension and anxiety by exercising. For this, you can go for morning walk or try swimming. You will feel better by doing this. In many researches, exercise has shown good results along with cancer treatment. If you are planning to exercise with cancer treatment, then keep in mind that you do so only under the supervision of your doctor.
 28. Nutrition, Diet, and Cancer
 According to research, nutrition can play a role in the prevention of cancer. According to many researches, many cases of cancer are related to food habits. For example, colorectal cancer is more common in people who eat more red meat than vegetables and fruits in the diet.
 29. Mind Therapy and Cancer
 According to a research done on cancer patients, mind therapy has shown improvement in the behavior of cancer patients. His pain, nausea, vomiting and anxiety also improved. They feel relieved by telling their problems in counseling. This therapy helps in their recovery by relieving their loneliness and anxiety.
 30. Acupuncture and Acupressure
 Acupuncture and acupressure may help to reduce the complications that arise during cancer treatment. Although they do not claim to cure disease, many researches have confirmed that they help reduce symptoms and side effects during treatment.
 31. Herbs to Fight Cancer
 There are many herbs that help to relieve the symptoms of cancer. For example, there is a complaint of vomiting during the treatment of cancer. For this, it is recommended to drink ginger and peppermint tea.
 The information given above is not a substitute for medical advice. Do consult a doctor for more details.