What are the causes of cholera? (Cause of Cholera)
- Vibrio cholerae is the bacteria that causes cholera infection. However, the lethal effects of this disease are the result of a potent toxin called CTX. CTX is a bacterium that originates in the small intestine. Due to this, there is a huge loss of water from the body and electrolytes are removed from the body.
- Contaminated water is the main cause of cholera, although raw fruits, vegetables etc. can also cause it.
Cholera microorganisms have two unmistakable life cycles – one in the climate and one in people.
cholera bacteria in the environment
Cholera bacteria are found naturally in coastal waters, where they attach to small crustaceans called copepods. From here they spread everywhere, such as by algae. Some types of algae and plankton grow rapidly as the water temperature rises. The growth of this algae is further encouraged by the urea found in sewage and agriculture.
Cholera bacteria in humans
When the bacteria of cholera enter the human body, he himself does not become ill. But, they remove the bacteria in their stool. When this feces contaminates food and water, both food and water become a good source for the growth of cholera bacteria. The most common sources oThe most well-known wellsprings of cholera are:
Water: Cholera bacteria can live in water for a long time, and a contaminated public well is more likely to contain cholera bacteria. People living in crowded places where there is a lack of sanitation also increase the risk of cholera.
Seafood: Raw or undercooked seafood, especially shellfish, can expose humans to cholera bacteria.
Raw fruits and vegetables: In areas where cholera is widespread, raw, undercooked fruits and vegetables can also cause the spread of cholera infection.
Cereals: Cereals such as rice and millet can also cause cholera bacteria to spread. When these grains are allowed to remain at room temperature for several hours , bacteria grow more in them.